Tag Archive for supplement manufacturing companies

Setting the Standard in Sports Nutrition

If you are vegan or vegetarian, this post interests you, so keep reading.

Having a plant-based and plant-based diet is quite a controversial issue and I think we will never reach an agreement in our species.

Can we save the planet and help animal welfare while reaching our full potential? If it is already difficult for the subject of food, vegan and vegetarian supplements are even more so.

It is not an impossible mission

In this case, protein supplements are our best ally. With them we will obtain all the nutrients that we may lack due to X diets. Read more!

These are some of my recommendations:

Creatine: It is one of the supplements most offered by sport nutrition manufacturers due to its effectiveness (proven in dozens of studies). It is naturally synthesized in the pancreas, kidneys, and liver from amino acids such as arginine, glycine, and methionine.

There is only one small problem for vegan athletes: no plant foods contain creatine.

That is why it is a basic for vegans and to a lesser extent vegetarians who train in the gym. I recommend the Creatine extreme from the TPW brand, it contains a mix of 5 high quality gratins that provides 7 g of creatine per serving.

Maca, Ginseng, and Tribulus: This is not a supplement specifically for bodybuilders or fitness buffs on a vegan diet, but this combination is unusual in a single pill.

Together, these 3 natural products give strength, vigor, endurance and act similar to testosterone boosters. In this case, everything is organic and certified vegan.

Omega-3: It is a natural anti-inflammatory and keeps your heart and brain on point. In addition, it helps the natural production of testosterone.

As we already told you, vegetable sources from seeds are not the most usable, so it is best to obtain them directly from the algae on which the fish feed, which are traditionally used to produce capsules of these fatty acids.

Vegan Omega-3 does not have the contaminants of fish, but pure seaweed oil grown on land to take care of the whole process.

Vitamin B12: This essential vitamin is found mostly in animal products (it is supplemented), although certain algae such as nori (with which maki-sushi rolls are wrapped) have a reasonable amount.

In any case, its role is so important to athletes that it cannot be overlooked. It is one of the vitamins most demanded by capsule manufacturing companies.

And finally, the newest thing: pea protein.

Pea protein is a natural plant product that is mainly used to make protein powders.

It has a biological value of 65. Pea protein contains extremely high amounts of arginine, lysine, and branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) such as leucine, isoleucine, and valine.

In summary…

Your top priorities as a vegan, and even more so if you love spending time training, are: Omega 3, vitamin D, vitamin B12, iron and protein.

None of them is dispensable if you want to improve your health and get the most out of your training.

It is important that you always opt for quality supplements and do not get carried away by the price. For more details, visit: http://www.delanoathletics.com/will-workout-supplements-make-me-a-better-athlete/

 

Will Workout Supplements Make Me a Better Athlete?

The role of a healthy diet is to provide many vitamins and minerals to your body. If you want to fight disease and stay in excellent shape, you may want to follow a healthy and balanced diet. Although eating fresh fruits and vegetables is a great idea to meet your nutritional requirements, workout supplements can also help you with this target. Let’s see what workout supplements can do for you.

As stated earlier, eating a balanced diet is a great idea to get the essential amount of vitamins and minerals, combining your routine diet with some workout supplements can make sure that your body gets what it requires to stay healthy. What workout supplements should you choose? Well, not all supplements are suggested to eat.

Workout Supplements

To be sure, you may want to opt for workout supplements that are controlled by an authority, for example, the Food and Drug Administration. Supplement manufacturing that are not controlled by any authority are generally marketed as an easy solution to treat various disorders or give your body the nutrients it cannot get from its regular diet.

Therefore, the million-dollar question is how can you acquire all the advantages of workout supplements? Yes, the safest way is to consult your doctor before looking for any workout supplements. This will help you avoid any negative side effects of the product. Let’s see now what workout supplements make you a better athlete.

1. Adequate Metabolism

After you have eaten a meal, what your body does is breaking down proteins, fats, and carbohydrates while absorbing many other nutrients. The absorption of these nutrients just depends on several vitamins that you should consume day after day.

What do B vitamins do for you? The role of B vitamins is to help your body prevent the effects of lack of other vitamins, for example, skiing disorders and joint pain, anemia as well as nerve damage, just to name a few, according to researchers at the Colorado State University. Check here!

2. Tissue Maintenance And Repair

In addition, they help your body with tissue repair, which is a procedure that continues while alive. Your tissues suffer a lot of stress as a result of their routine activities. The specialized cells in your body maintain the production of proteins which create new tissue that restores the damaged one.

You are prone to disease when the tissue is not repaired for one reason or another. To strengthen your bones and develop tissue growth, you can opt for vitamin D in addition to calcium.

3. It Prevents Illnesses

Several workout supplements help you prevent particular types of cancer. Certain vitamins like Vitamin A, Vitamin C, and Vitamin E, function as antioxidants and neutralize chemicals known as free radicals. According to the National Cancer Institute, these chemicals cause oxidative damage to cells, which increases the risk of cancer.

These are some of the great advantages you can get by combining supplement manufacturing with your regular diet. Again, just be sure to consult your doctor before using any workout supplements. Click here for more information: http://www.delanoathletics.com/how-to-design-your-own-supplement-formula-like-a-pro/

American Sports Nutrition – Manufacturer of Sports Supplements

Looking for the best supplement manufacturers? Supplements have become some of the most utilized products in the world today. Sports nutritional supplements are especially popular. Some want to build on their muscles and others just want to get into shape and improve on their health. However, have you heard of American Sports Nutrition? It’s one of the biggest manufacturers of sports supplements and has become very popular over the last few years alone too. So, what products do the company offer and are supplements really needed today?

Nutritional Sports Supplement Products

American Sports Nutrition has become a vastly popular manufacturer of supplements today and they do offer some of the best products also. So, what’s available? You can choose from things such as American Whey, Creatine Monohydrate American Soy, American Stamina, and UR24BurnFast; however, there are many more available. Supplement manufacturing isn’t always easy, but this company does offer a lot of great products. You can choose from all sorts and they can be beneficial to those who really need them. However, you don’t need to use all supplements at the same time and you can choose from the ones you think suit you best. More details!

Why Supplements Are Needed?

People often imagine supplements as testosterone and hormone injections and that the only ones who use them are bodybuilders with lots of muscles. However, anyone can use supplements and there are a host of reasons why you might. For example, you want to work on your muscles and build muscle mass, (but not to the extreme) you can use some of the manufacturing products to improve on your muscles. However, the supplements alone aren’t enough to transform your body; you’re also going to have to eat right and use weights and do daily workouts. A lot of people don’t realize this and end up disappointed. The best supplement manufacturers offer great products and American Sports Nutrition offer lots of fantastic products.

Do You Need To Use Them?

Supplement manufacturing can be important for a host of reasons, but, a lot of people aren’t sure if they actually need them. So, do you need them and should you use them? Well, it depends on which type of supplements you use and the reasons why you want to use them? For example, American Whey probably isn’t useful for those who want to boost their vitamin intake, but might be more suited to those who are trying to build their muscles. There are lots on offer and you should look at each one carefully to find the best one for your requirements.

Workout Well

Most of the time, people who use American Sports Nutrition are doing so to improve on their physique and fitness levels. You could benefit from some of the products if that’s what you want to improve on. However, there are lots of great supplements to choose from and you need to find the ones that work best for you and your requirements. It’s easy to say they are all the best, but, the best comes down to what’s right for you. Look at the best supplement manufacturers and find the best products. Click here for more information: https://www.forbes.com/sites/brianrashid/2017/04/20/personalization-the-next-big-thing-in-sports-nutrition/#f9a64354c72c

Evolving Sports Nutritional Supplements

You’ve looked into sports nutrition manufacturers and are seriously considering supplements, but, are they right for you? Thousands absolutely love the idea of getting healthier and improving their bodies, so they look to supplements to give them a head start.

However, people have forgotten just how supplements have evolved throughout the years. Sports supplements have become far more appealing and are readily available too; but, are they giving the body what it needs? Maybe it’s time you knew how sports supplements evolved so that you understood them better.

What Are Sports Nutrition Supplements?

Supplements have the purpose of improving the functioning of the body, as well as target specific areas. Sports supplements can contain vitamins and amino acids and while people obtain most of their much-needed vitamins through their foods, it’s not always possible. Some people, for whatever reason, aren’t able to get their recommended daily dose of vitamins and minerals and that causes deficiencies.

However, supplements offer a way to boost their daily intake and it’s a simple little pill that can be found in a variety of outlets. Over the years, they have changed massively and continue to do so. Capsule manufacturing has even changed somewhat and there are more safety checks in place to prevent tampering and other such problems. Read more!

Not Only Used By Bodybuilders

When you think of sports nutrition supplements, what comes to mind? A few years ago, most people thought of massive bodybuilders using supplements to improve their bulk. You could imagine bodybuilders opting for protein supplements and using all sorts to improve their strength, but, that’s not the purpose of the supplements. Yes, athletes use supplements for all sorts of reasons, but, it isn’t just bodybuilders that use supplements.

Sports nutrition manufacturers are creating supplements for everyone. They can be used by those who are interested in bodybuilding, improving their strength, but also by those who want to improve their health and fitness! There are so many reasons why to use the supplements and they’ve come a long way since they were first introduced.

Should You Opt For Nutritional Supplements

Do you need sports nutritional supplements? Do you need them? That’s a question on many a minds and it’s difficult to answer fully. Why is that? There are some people using supplements for all the wrong reasons and have the wrong impression of them also. For instance, you might be interested in using supplements to improve your bulk and you might even believe you’ll achieve a bodybuilder’s physique overnight. It’s very unlikely.

Supplements only do part of the work – you have to do the rest! You’re going to have to work hard to achieve the results you want, so while the supplements can do wonders for your body, they won’t fix everything. Capsule manufacturing has changed so much, but, you still need to remember the purpose of the sports nutritional supplements! To find out more, check out http://www.delanoathletics.com/advice-on-sports-nutrition-supplements/

The Changing World of Supplements

Supplements are widely used and they will continue to be used across the globe. There’s an attraction to them that’s hard to understand, but, they can also play a very important part of life. Sometimes, you need them to improve your fitness levels and that’s important for many. Understanding supplements a little more can be useful and you should look at sports nutrition manufacturers to see how they’ve changed over the years also.

Advice on Sports Nutrition Supplements

You’ve been looking for the best supplement manufacturer and think you’ve found them, so now what? Should you go ahead and buy lots of supplements? Well, while sports nutrition supplements are important, you don’t want to rush into this and buy the wrong ones. Far too many people believe any supplement is suitable for them, when in reality that’s far from the truth. Not all supplements are suited to every person, and it can be potentially risky to use ones that aren’t required at all! It’s time you got some advice about supplements.

Supplements Can Only Do So Much

You have found sports nutrition manufacturers and you think they offer the best, but, why are you using them? Do you want to build your muscles and become a bodybuilder? Do you want to get healthier and fitter? No matter your reasons for using the supplements, you should know that they can only do so much. So, for example; you want to become a bodybuilder or at least have their physique, but, to achieve that, supplements aren’t enough. You’re also going to have to lift weights constantly and keep to a rigid workout schedule also. It’s hard work and that’s something most people forget when they use nutrition supplements. They do so much and you have to do the rest. More details!

The Right Nutritional Supplements Must Be Used

While it’s great you want to use supplements to improve your health or fitness levels, you still have to use the right ones. Remember, there are lots of different types of supplements and ideally, you want to use the ones that are best for you. If you didn’t need one supplement but constantly used it, it could impact your body negatively. That’s something to consider when searching for the best supplement manufacturer and supplements. The right supplements are needed so take your time to find out which are actually useful for you.

Speak To a Doctor Before You Use Any Supplements

You like the idea of using sports supplements, but, are you sure you’re using the right ones? Sometimes, people have a habit of using nutritional supplements they don’t actually need and that can have an adverse reaction on their bodies. You don’t want to dehydrate the body because of the supplements you’re taken; and it’s easily done. Instead, you need to talk to your local doctor and get some advice about what supplements might be suitable for you. Yes, you want to find the best sports nutrition manufacturers, but at the end of the day, you want the best supplements. Far too many people don’t think about that and it’s a problem, to say the least.

Use the Best

Supplements are important for a host of reasons, but, that doesn’t mean to say you should use just any! Far too many people have the attitude that any supplement will do as long as they’re safe enough to use. It’s a nice thought, but not a smart one! You have to ensure the right supplements are used and that the best supplement manufacturer are found also. For more details read our article: http://www.delanoathletics.com/sports-supplement-market-what-new/

Sports Supplement Market – What New?

Sports nutrition manufacturers speak to a multi-million dollar industry. Dynamic grown-ups and competitors are frequently allured by successful supplement showcasing. The guarantees of upgraded execution among different cases are inspiring elements to buy elective sustenance to accomplish results. Absence of supplement guideline and quality control may mean temperamental and ineffectual items are being utilized.

It’s evaluated somewhere in the range of 39 and 89 percent of the global supplement advertise are competitors with the most elevated recurrence among more seasoned and world class competitors.

What Is a Supplement?

Sports nutrition manufacturers are viewed as an expansion to an effectively solid eating regimen. Dynamic grown-ups or competitors may incorporate supplements to help address healthful issues, improve supplement lacks, upgrade athletic execution or accomplish individual wellness objectives. Without an all around planned sustenance plan set up, supplementation is said to be seldom viable.

Supplement Regulation and Standards

Dietary supplements have been put in a unique nourishment classification and not thought about medications. Supplements aren’t required to be submitted to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for guideline. In spite of the fact that the FDA can audit fixings and wellbeing cases of supplements, not many are explored. Check here!

 

Sport supplement manufacturers are permitted to make wellbeing claims with FDA endorsement as long as the item proclamations are valid and dependent on logical proof. Tragically, not many supplements asserting ergogenic benefits are upheld by clinical research. This leaves the dynamic grown-up or competitor without an assurance of security, viability, strength or immaculateness of supplements for dietary or ergogenic purposes.

  • Dietary supplements incorporate nutrients, minerals, amino acids, herbs, botanicals, concentrates, or focuses from plants or nourishments. They are commonly sold as containers, tablets, fluids, powders or bars and required to be obviously marked as a dietary supplement.
  • Ergogenic helps incorporate substances, medications or systems used to upgrade athletic execution. They can extend from adequate acts of starch stacking to “unlawful and perilous methodologies, for example, anabolic-androgenic steroid use.”

Assessing the Benefit of Supplements

Supplement use stays disputable and is an individual decision. Regular inquiries posed by dynamic grown-ups, competitors, and sports nutritionists identify with assembling and supplement quality. Finding proof based research data is exceptionally prompted before considering sports nourishments and supplements. The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) prescribes assessing the legitimacy and logical legitimacy behind Sports nutrition manufacturers claims for upgraded athletic execution. The accompanying inquiries are recommended:

 

  • Does the supplement guarantee bode well?

 

  • Is there logical proof accessible?

 

  • Is the supplement legitimate or safe?

 

How Science Classifies Supplements

 

Dietary supplements and ergogenic helps are promoted and guarantee to upgrade the eating routine and athletic execution of a functioning grown-up or competitor.

Apparently successful: most of supplement inquire about examinations show protected and powerful. Possibly successful: Initial supplement discoveries are acceptable, yet more research is required to analyze the consequences for preparing and athletic execution.  Too ahead of schedule to tell: Supplement hypothesis bodes well yet needs adequate research to help utilizing it.  Apparently incapable: Sports nutrition manufacturers need sound logical proof and additionally inquire about has demonstrated the supplement to be unmistakably insufficient as well as risky.

 

Supplement Value of Vitamins and Exercise Performance

Nutrients are natural mixes basic to controlling metabolic procedures, vitality creation, neurological working and insurance of our cells. Dietary examination on dynamic grown-ups or competitors has detailed nutrient lacks. Despite the fact that examination shows a potential advantage of taking Sports nutrition manufacturers for general wellbeing, there has been negligible to no ergogenic benefits detailed. You can know more at http://www.delanoathletics.com/do-pre-workout-supplements-actually-work/

Do Pre-Workout Supplements Actually Work?

The role of a healthy diet is to provide many vitamins and minerals to your body. If you want to fight disease and stay in excellent shape, you may want to follow a healthy and balanced diet. Although eating fresh fruits and vegetables is a great idea to meet your nutritional requirements, workout supplements can also help you with this target. Let’s see what workout supplements can do for you.

As stated earlier, eating a balanced diet is a great idea to get the essential amount of vitamins and minerals, combining your routine diet with some workout supplements can make sure that your body gets what it requires to stay healthy. What workout supplements should you choose? Well, not all supplements are suggested to eat.

Workout Supplements

To be sure, you may want to opt for workout supplements that are controlled by an authority, for example, the Food and Drug Administration. Supplement manufacturing that are not controlled by any authority are generally marketed as an easy solution to treat various disorders or give your body the nutrients it cannot get from its regular diet. Click here!

Therefore, the million-dollar question is how can you acquire all the advantages of workout supplements? Yes, the safest way is to consult your doctor before looking for any workout supplements. This will help you avoid any negative side effects of the product. Let’s see now what workout supplements make you a better athlete.

– Adequate Metabolism

After you have eaten a meal, what your body does is breaking down proteins, fats, and carbohydrates while absorbing many other nutrients. The absorption of these nutrients just depends on several vitamins that you should consume day after day.

What do B vitamins do for you? The role of B vitamins is to help your body prevent the effects of lack of other vitamins, for example, skiing disorders and joint pain, anemia as well as nerve damage, just to name a few, according to researchers at the Colorado State University.

– Tissue Maintenance And Repair

In addition, they help your body with tissue repair, which is a procedure that continues while alive. Your tissues suffer a lot of stress as a result of their routine activities. The specialized cells in your body maintain the production of proteins which create new tissue that restores the damaged one.

You are prone to disease when the tissue is not repaired for one reason or another. To strengthen your bones and develop tissue growth, you can opt for vitamin D in addition to calcium. Learn more details at: http://www.delanoathletics.com/benefits-and-risks-of-dietary-supplements/

– It Prevents Illnesses

Several workout supplements help you prevent particular types of cancer. Certain vitamins like Vitamin A, Vitamin C, and Vitamin E, function as antioxidants and neutralize chemicals known as free radicals. According to the National Cancer Institute, these chemicals cause oxidative damage to cells, which increases the risk of cancer.

These are some of the great advantages you can get by combining supplement manufacturing with your regular diet. Again, just be sure to consult your doctor before using any workout supplements.

Benefits and Risks of Dietary Supplements

Dietary supplements are items intended to increase your day by day admission of Best supplement manufacturers, including vitamins and minerals. Many are sheltered and offer critical health benefits, yet there are some that posture health dangers, particularly whenever abused. Dietary supplements incorporate amino acids, unsaturated fats, proteins, probiotics, herbals, botanicals, and creature removes.

Notwithstanding vitamins and fundamental minerals, well-known supplements include:

Benefits

Regularly, you ought to have the option to get every one of the supplements you need from a proper diet. Be that as it may, supplements can furnish you with additional supplements when you’re eating routine is missing or certain health conditions trigger a lack, (for example, malignant growth, diabetes, or incessant the runs).

Much of the time, a multivitamin/mineral enhancement will give every one of the micronutrients your body needs. They are commonly sheltered because they contain just modest quantities of every supplement (as estimated by the day by day worth, or DV).

Singular Best supplement manufacturers are additionally accessible as supplements, generally in dosages bigger than your average multivitamin. They can be utilized to treat an insufficiency, for example, an iron inadequacy, or decrease the danger of an ailment, for example, hypertension.

Risks

In the United States, dietary supplements are not managed as carefully as pharmaceutical medications; makers don’t need to demonstrate that they are either sheltered or viable. The U.S. Nourishment and Drug Administration (FDA) don’t decide if dietary supplements are powerful before they are sent to advertise racks.

 

The FDA keeps up a rundown of damaged or possibly destructive items promoted as dietary supplements. The most noticeably terrible wrongdoers are generally weight reduction helps, “characteristic” sexual upgrade pills, and supplements focused at muscle heads. Check here!

Best supplement manufacturers need to pursue specific naming rules, including what they can say and not about the indicated advantages.

That doesn’t prevent makers from asserting, regularly misleadingly, that their item can “help the resistant framework” or then again “treat joint pain” regardless of whether there is minimal logical proof to help the cases. As a rule, just the most genuine infractions are followed up on by the FDA.

Keep in mind

Try not to choose to take dietary Supplement manufacturings to treat a health condition that you have analyzed yourself, without counseling a health care supplier.

  • Don’t assume supplements in a position of, or mix with, recommended drugs without your health care supplier’s endorsement.
  • Check with your health care supplier about the supplements you take if you are booked to have any surgery.
  • The term “characteristic” doesn’t always mean safe. An enhancement’s wellbeing relies upon numerous things, for example, its synthetic cosmetics, how it works in the body, how it is readied, and the portion utilized. Certain herbs (for instance, comfrey and kava) can hurt the liver.

Talk with Your Health Care Provider

Give your health a chance to mind suppliers (counting specialists, drug specialists, and dietitians) know which dietary supplements you’re taking with the goal that you can examine what’s best for your general health. Your health care supplier can assist you with figuring out which supplements, assuming any, may be significant for you.

Prompt your healthcare supplier about any Supplement manufacturing you intend to take just as any drugs you are right now taking, regardless of whether they be pharmaceutical, over-the-counter, natural, customary, or homeopathic. Click here for more information: http://www.delanoathletics.com/smart-safe-use-best-supplement-manufacturers/

The Importance of Nutritional Supplements for Sports

Dietary Supplement

This article will discuss the major classes of dietary supplements. The main focus is on effectiveness of such dietary supplements to improve exercise or sport performance. Capsule manufacturing companies should consider about following supplements while capsule manufacturing:

Calcium

About 99 percent of the calcium in the body is store in the very thin system, at the same time as the outstanding one percent is present in some other cells like muscle cells. Although this muscle cell calcium is involved in a variety of physiologic processes associated with energy metabolism and muscle slimming down, calcium supplementation is not well thought-out to possess cryogenic a waiting because, if required, the muscle cells may sketch on the vast reserves stored in the bone hankie. However, as eminent above, childish women involved in weight-control sports, such as figure skating and distance running, may have inadequate dietary eating of calcium. As well, exercise may augment calcium victims. Capsule manufacturing and sport supplement manufacturing companies keep calcium content stable.

Phosphates

Phosphates are included into many compound in the dead body that are concerned in power metabolism, such as ATP as an energy substrate, thiamin pyrophosphate as a cofactor, sodium phosphate as a buffer, and 2,3-diphosphoglycerate for RBC function. All of these role could provide cryogenic potential, but the most research theory involve the result of phosphate salt supplementation on 2, 3-DPG.

Augmented levels of 2, 3-DPG could make easy release of oxygen from hemoglobin in the red blood cell and perhaps augment aerobic staying influence exercise performance. Preceding study have in general, but not generally, shown that phosphate salt supplementation increase serum 2-3-DPG levels. Most freshly, Brenner and others found that a 7-day phosphate loading protocol would increase erythrocyte phosphate pools.

However, no research has reported decreases in performance, and four studies from self-regulating laboratories have shown significant similarities comparative to increased levels of VO2max following phosphate supplementation and improved piece on bicycle. If Capsule manufacturing companies take notice of the above mineral supplements while capsule manufacturing, then there will be lesser issues for athletes.

Magnesium

Magnesium is a constituent of over 300 enzymes, a quantity of involved in the regulation of muscle contraction, oxygen delivery, and protein synthesis. Several studies have worked on the effect of magnesium supplementation on performance. Lukas well-known that some prior studies have exposed that magnesium supplementation enhanced strength and cardio respiratory function in vigorous persons and athletes, but also studied it is unclear as to whether these observations related to improvement of an impaired dietary status or a pharmacologic effect.get solutions from http://www.sbwire.com/press-releases/youngevitycom-launches-nutritional-and-life-style-solutions-for-everyone-647839.htm

Lukaski also noted that the study designs limit conclusions about dietary recommendations needed to optimize performance. Newhouse also noted that interpretation of the obtainable studies was perplexed by differences in research design. Nevertheless, in their meta-analysis of human supplementation studies, they concluded that the force of the evidence favors those studies judgment no consequence of magnesium supplementation on any appearance of exercise recital, counting aerobic, anaerobic-lactic acid, and strength behavior. Best supplement manufacturers take in notice the quantity of magnesium in capsules.

Iron

Dietary Supplement

Iron is one of the most stable minerals with implications for sports performance. Iron is a section of hemoglobin, myoglobin, cytochromes, and various enzymes in the strength cells, all of which are involved in the transport and metabolism of oxygen for aerobic energy production during endurance work out. The reimbursement of iron supplementation may depend on the iron status of the sportsperson.
If Capsule manufacturing companies take notice of the above mineral supplements while capsule manufacturing, then there will be lesser issues for athletes.